CMS Releases FY 2023 Final Rule to Update Long-term Care Hospital PPS

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently released a final rule to update the Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) long-term care hospital (LTCH) prospective payment system (PPS) for fiscal year (FY) 2023, which begins Oct. 1, 2022. The rule will:

  • Increase the standard federal rate by a net 3.8% for cases that meet LTCH criteria for services provided by LTCHs in compliance with CMS quality program reporting requirements.
  • Continue paying cases that fail to meet the required LTCH criteria (diagnosis-related group (DRG), intensive care unit, or ventilator criteria) at the site-neutral rate under the dual-rate payment system implemented in FY 2016.
  • Establish a high-cost outlier (HCO) threshold of $38,518 for cases paid based on the LTCH standard rate, up 17% from the current $33,015 threshold, resulting in fewer cases qualifying for an outlier payment. The CMS adjusts this threshold annually to maintain outlier payments at the targeted 8% of aggregate LTCH payments. Cases paid at the site neutral rate are subject to the inpatient PPS HCO, finalized at $38,859 for FY 2023.
  • Set a permanent cap to limit annual wage index decreases at 5%.
  • Calculate Medicare Severity-Long Term Care-DRG relative weights using an averaging approach, with COVID-19 cases included and excluded and then averaging the two sets of relative weights.
  • Set a permanent cap on annual decreases at 10% for MS-LTC-DRG relative weights to mitigate negative impacts of significant weight decreases.

The MHA is continuing to review the final rule and will provide hospitals with an updated impact analysis in the near future. Members with questions should contact Vickie Kunz at the MHA.